External Resources

Date Document Focus Area Location
May 2014

Somalia Joins the IOTC

This IOTC Circular documents the Federal Government of Somalia accepting the "Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission," thereby becoming an IOTC member as of 22 May 2014. The document is in both English and French.

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Regional and International Coordination Somalia and Somaliland
May 2014

Failed State: Reconstruction of Domestic Fisheries Catches in Somalia 1950-2010

This study reconstructs domestic fisheries catch data in Somali waters between 1950 and 2010, including the industrial, artisanal, subsistence and recreational sectors. We found that the Somali reconstructed total catch was nearly two times the landings reported by the FAO on behalf of Somalia for the time period, most of which is attributed to the reconstructed small-scale sector.  

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Fisheries Governance & Policy Somalia and Somaliland
January 2014

The State of the World Fisheries and Aquaculture

The State of World Fisheries and Aquaculture (SOFIA) is the flagship publication of the FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Department. This premier advocacy document is published every two years to provide policy-makers, civil society and those whose livelihoods depend on the sector a comprehensive, objective and global view of capture fisheries and aquaculture, including associated policy issues.

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Fisheries Governance & Policy
December 2013

Practice, Pirates and Coast Guards: the Grand Narrative of Somali Piracy

This article develops a practice-theoretical account to provide the first systematic investigation of the justification of Somali piracy. Arguing for an understanding of piracy as a 'community of practice', it shows how this community is organized by a 'grand narrative' that projects piracy as a quasi-state practice of protection of sovereignty against foreign intruders.

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Fisheries Governance & Policy Somalia and Somaliland
December 2013

How to End Illegal Fishing

From coastal waters to the high seas, criminals are robbing the oceans and jeopardizing communities, economies, and the environment. This report provides an overview of the main enforcement issues in regards to IUU fishing and details Pew's strategy to end illegal fishing.

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Regional and International Coordination
November 2013

Piracy, Illegal Fishing, and Maritime Insecurity in Somalia, Kenya, and Tanzania

Long coastlines, porous borders, a lack of government capacity, weak enforcement mechanisms, corruption, and other factors have enabled illegal, unreported, and unregulated (IUU) fishing to thrive in Somalia’s waters. The same factors have allowed other transnational threats to develop in Somalia—and spread further south into Kenya and Tanzania.This study, which draws on extensive field research along the East African littoral, identifies and analyzes linkages between piracy and IUU fishing. In addition, the report examines the role of the maritime sector in facilitating the illegal movement of drugs, weapons, and people through the region. This study also highlights the role of small vessels in a system that transports terrorists from al-Shabaab, al-Qaeda’s East Africa affiliate, to and from Somalia.

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Regional and International Coordination Somalia and Somaliland
November 2013

Policy Options Paper #8: Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated Fishing

Illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing may account for as much as one-fifth of the global catch, at an estimated value of $10-23.5bn per year. This policy paper highlights the importance of combating IUU fishing as well as current challenges facing the international community.

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Regional and International Coordination
July 2012

Charting a Course to Sustainable Fisheries

The report provides a new view of thousands of unassessed fisheries around the world and confirms our understanding that these fisheries are declining at alarming rates; in many cases, unassessed fisheries are in worse shape than we previously thought. In addition, the findings reinforce the fact that seemingly stable trends in global fisheries mask the reality that overfishing is increasing in many countries, often without strong management that would keep these stocks from collapsing.

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Fisheries Governance & Policy
January 2012

Somalia: National Marine Ecosystem Diagnostic Analysis

The coastline of Somalia can be divided up into 5 zones characterised by diverse coastal features and ecosystems. This report provides an overview of Somalia's biophysical environment, human environment and planning and management, as well as an assessment of coastal livelihoods.

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Community Engagement Somalia and Somaliland
April 2011

Civil Conflict and World Fisheries, 1952-2004

This article surveys the effects of civil conflict on reported marine and inland fish catch, focusing on the effects of conflict through redeployment of labor, population displacement, counter-insurgency strategy and tactics, and third-party encroachment into territorial waters. Analysis shows civil wars depress fish catch by 16%.

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Fisheries Governance & Policy

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